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Vitamin D deficiency

Hypovitaminosis D is a deficiency of vitamin D. It can result from inadequate nutritional intake of vitamin D coupled with inadequate sunlight exposure (in particular sunlight with adequate ultraviolet B rays), disorders that limit vitamin D absorption, and conditions that impair the conversion of vitamin D into active metabolites including certain liver, kidney, and hereditary disorders. Deficiency results in impaired bone mineralization and leads to bone softening diseases including rickets in children and osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with vitamin d deficiency, 40% report having fatigue, 9% report having hot flashes, and 9% report having joint pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of vitamin d deficiency are hot flashes, infrequent menstruation, and back stiffness or tightness, although you may still have vitamin d deficiency without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with vitamin d deficiency often receive hematologic tests, glucose measurement, lipid panel, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), hemoglobin a1c measurement, depression screen, bone density scan and physical therapy exercises .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vitamin d deficiency include ergocalciferol, vitamin b 12, cholecalciferol, ibandronate (boniva), calcium citrate, phentermine, zoster vaccine live, multivitamin with minerals, calcium-vitamin d, bifidobacterium infantis (align), minoxidil (rogaine), metformin / sitagliptin and efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for vitamin d deficiency include age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.3x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.4x

Sex

Male
0.6x
Female
1.3x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
1.4x
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