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Viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is liver inflammation due to a viral infection. It may present in acute (recent infection, relatively rapid onset) or chronic forms. The most common causes of viral hepatitis are the five unrelated hepatotropic viruses Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, and Hepatitis E. In addition to the nominal hepatitis viruses, other viruses that can also cause liver inflammation include Herpes simplex, Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, or Yellow fever.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with viral hepatitis, 26% report having sharp abdominal pain, 13% report having drug abuse, and 13% report having abusing alcohol.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with viral hepatitis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), lipid panel, ultrasonography, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), mental health counseling and hemoglobin a1c measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with viral hepatitis include ribavirin, peginterferon alfa-2b (sylatron), methadone, spironolactone, emtricitabine-tenofovir, lactulose, tacrolimus (prograf), ritonavir (norvir), atazanavir (reyataz), mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir, epoetin alfa (procrit) and abacavir / lamivudine .

Ribavirin
$430
(28 days)
Peginterferon Alfa-2B (Sylatron)
$2177
(28 days)
Methadone
$20
(28 days)
Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Emtricitabine-Tenofovir

Lactulose
$24
(21 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)
Ritonavir (Norvir)
$345
(28 days)
Atazanavir (Reyataz)
$880
(28 days)
Mycophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
$263
(28 days)
Epoetin Alfa (Procrit)
$804
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for viral hepatitis include race/ethnicity = other age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get viral hepatitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
2.8x
60-74 years
0.9x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.5x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
0.8x
Other
1.8x
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