Also known as Varicocele and Scrotal Varices
Varicocele /ˈværɨkɵsiːl/ is an abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum. This plexus of veins drains the testicles. The testicular blood vessels originate in the abdomen and course down through the inguinal canal as part of the spermatic cord on their way to the testis. Upward flow of blood in the veins is ensured by small one-way valves that prevent backflow. Defective valves, or compression of the vein by a nearby structure, can cause dilatation of the testicular veins near the testis, leading to the formation of a varicocele.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with varicocele of the testicles, 72% report having pain in testicles, 71% report having mass in scrotum, and 41% report having symptoms of the scrotum and testes. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of varicocele of the testicles are pain in testicles, mass in scrotum, symptoms of the scrotum and testes, groin pain, swelling of scrotum, infertility, impotence, and penis pain, although you may still have varicocele of the testicles without those symptoms.
Patients with varicocele of the testicles often receive urinalysis, ultrasonography, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), prostate specific antigen measurement, rectal examination, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), excision and hemoglobin a1c measurement .
|Complete physical skin exam performed (ML)|
|Prostate specific antigen measurement (Prostate specific antigen test)|
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Hemoglobin A1c measurement (Hemoglobin a1c test)|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with varicocele of the testicles include tadalafil (cialis), alginic acid/al hydroxide/mg carbonate, procainamide, alpha-d-galactosidase enzyme (beano), ginseng preparation (ginsana), estradiol / testosterone, fesoterodine (toviaz), oxaprozin, lidocaine-prilocaine topical, trimethoprim, cefadroxil, efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir and tetracycline .
Groups of people at highest risk for varicocele of the testicles include sex == male age 15-29 years. On the other hand, sex == female almost never get varicocele of the testicles.