Also known as Vagina Inflammation
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It can result in discharge, itching and pain, and is often associated with an irritation or infection of the vulva. It is usually due to infection. The three main kinds of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis (BV), vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis. A woman may have any combination of vaginal infections at one time. The symptoms that arise vary with the infection, although there are general symptoms that all vaginitis infections have and infected women may also be asymptomatic. Testing for vaginal infections is not a part of routine pelvic exams; therefore, women should neither assume their health care providers will know of the infection, nor that they will provide appropriate treatment without their input.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with vaginitis, 78% report having vaginal discharge, 59% report having vaginal itching, and 49% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of vaginitis are vaginal discharge, vaginal itching, vaginal pain, vaginal redness, vulvar irritation, and pain during intercourse, although you may still have vaginitis without those symptoms.
Patients with vaginitis often receive pelvis exam, urinalysis, standard pregnancy test, chlamydia test, examination of breast, microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology), pap smear and rectal examination .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vaginitis include metronidazole, fluconazole (diflucan), metronidazole topical product, terconazole topical, miconazole topical product, betamethasone-clotrimazole topical, clindamycin topical product, tinidazole, nystatin-triamcinolone topical, cefixime (suprax), pentosan polysulphate sodium (elmiron), boric acid topical and diflorasone topical .
|Metronidazole Topical Product|
|Miconazole Topical Product|
|Clindamycin Topical Product|
|Pentosan Polysulphate Sodium (Elmiron)|
|Boric Acid Topical|
Groups of people at highest risk for vaginitis include age 30-44 years, sex == female, race/ethnicity = black and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, sex == male and age < 1 years almost never get vaginitis.