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Vaginal yeast infection

Also known as Vaginal Candidiasis, Vaginal Thrush, Candida Vaginitis, Yeast Vaginitis, Monilial Vaginitis, and Vaginal Moniliasis

Candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species (all yeasts), of which Candida albicans is the most common. Also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with vaginal yeast infection, 79% report having vaginal itching, 77% report having vaginal discharge, and 41% report having painful urination. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of vaginal yeast infection are vaginal itching, vaginal discharge, vaginal pain, vaginal redness, and vulvar irritation, although you may still have vaginal yeast infection without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with vaginal yeast infection often receive pelvis exam, urinalysis, standard pregnancy test, chlamydia test, microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology), examination of breast, pap smear and mammography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vaginal yeast infection include fluconazole (diflucan), miconazole topical product, terconazole topical, clotrimazole topical, metronidazole, betamethasone-clotrimazole topical, nystatin topical product, portia, butoconazole topical, nonoxynol 9 topical, ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin, levonorgestrel and tromethamine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for vaginal yeast infection include age 30-44 years, sex == female, race/ethnicity = black and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, sex == male almost never get vaginal yeast infection.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
2.4x
30-44 years
1.5x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.9x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.7x
Other
1.0x
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