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Tuberculosis

Also known as TB and Tuberculosis Infection

Tuberculosis, MTB, or TB (short for tubercle bacillus) is a common, and in many cases lethal, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis typically attacks the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. It is spread through the air when people who have an active TB infection cough, sneeze, or otherwise transmit respiratory fluids through the air. Most infections are asymptomatic and latent, but about one in ten latent infections eventually progresses to active disease which, if left untreated, kills more than 50% of those so infected.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with tuberculosis, 33% report having cough, 31% report having shortness of breath, and 10% report having sweating. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of tuberculosis are back cramps or spasms, although you may still have tuberculosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with tuberculosis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, lipid panel, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), thyroidectomy; partial or complete and diagnostic bronchoscopy and biopsy of bronchus .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with tuberculosis include isoniazid, pyridoxine, rifampin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, emtricitabine-tenofovir, isoniazid / rifampin, kaletra, ritonavir (norvir), rifabutin, saquinavir, butalbital (g-1) and abacavir / lamivudine / zidovudine .

Isoniazid
$5
(28 days)
Pyridoxine

Rifampin
$62
(21 days)
Ethambutol
$80
(28 days)
Pyrazinamide
$71
(28 days)
Emtricitabine-Tenofovir

Kaletra
$693
(28 days)
Ritonavir (Norvir)
$345
(28 days)
Rifabutin
$471
(28 days)
Saquinavir
$794
(28 days)
Butalbital (G-1)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for tuberculosis include race/ethnicity = other, race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 5-14 years and race/ethnicity = black. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get tuberculosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
1.0x
5-14 years
1.6x
15-29 years
1.0x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.2x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.0x
Hispanic
1.7x
White
0.4x
Other
2.8x
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