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Transient ischemic attack

Also known as TIA

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) – either focal brain, spinal cord or retinal – without acute infarction (tissue death).

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with transient ischemic attack, 62% report having loss of sensation, 53% report having dizziness, and 51% report having headache. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of transient ischemic attack are loss of sensation, focal weakness, slurring words, difficulty speaking, symptoms of the face, and disturbance of memory, although you may still have transient ischemic attack without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with transient ischemic attack often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with transient ischemic attack include clopidogrel (plavix), aspirin / dipyridamole, deferasirox (exjade), amlodipine / valsartan, carbidopa / entacapone / levodopa, enalapril / hydrochlorothiazide, bethanechol, dipyridamole, gadopentetate dimeglumine (magnevist), bivalirudin, hydrochlorothiazide / metoprolol, captopril / hydrochlorothiazide and propantheline .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for transient ischemic attack include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get transient ischemic attack.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
2.3x
75+ years
3.5x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
0.6x
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