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Tooth abscess

Also known as Dental Abscess

A tooth abscess or root abscess is pus enclosed in the tissues of the jaw bone at the apex of an infected tooth's root(s). Usually the abscess originates from a bacterial infection that has accumulated in the soft, often dead, pulp of the tooth. This can be caused by tooth decay, broken teeth or extensive periodontal disease (or combinations of these factors). A failed root canal treatment may also create a similar abscess.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with tooth abscess, 93% report having toothache, 57% report having peripheral edema, and 52% report having facial pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of tooth abscess are toothache, peripheral edema, facial pain, jaw swelling, gum pain, mouth pain, and pain in gums, although you may still have tooth abscess without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with tooth abscess often receive incision and drainage, culture wound and dental procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with tooth abscess include penicillin, clindamycin, erythromycin, benzocaine topical, lincomycin, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, beractant (survanta), clove, phenelzine (nardil), 6-aminocaproic acid (amicar), penciclovir topical and aspirin / oxycodone .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for tooth abscess include age 30-44 years age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get tooth abscess.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.6x
15-29 years
2.1x
30-44 years
1.8x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.0x
Other
0.5x
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