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Tonsillitis

Also known as Tonsil Inflammation

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infection. Symptoms may include sore throat and fever. When caused by a bacterium belonging to the group A streptococcus, it is typically referred to as strep throat. The overwhelming majority of people recover completely with or without medication. In 40%, symptoms will resolve in three days, and within one week in 85% of people, regardless of whether streptococcal infection is present or not.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with tonsillitis, 75% report having sore throat, 62% report having swollen or red tonsils, and 48% report having abnormal breathing sounds. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of tonsillitis are swollen or red tonsils, abnormal breathing sounds, throat feels tight, redness in ear, drainage in throat, lump in throat, and throat redness, although you may still have tonsillitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with tonsillitis often receive excision, tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), biopsy, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other or therapeutic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx, diagnostic procedures on ear and diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with tonsillitis include fentanyl, midazolam (versed), propofol, dexamethasone topical product, sevoflurane, cefdinir, bupivacaine, oxymetazoline nasal, neostigmine, barium sulfate, cefaclor (ceclor), claritin d and ofloxacin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for tonsillitis include age 5-14 years age 1-4 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years almost never get tonsillitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.3x
1-4 years
2.8x
5-14 years
3.9x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.3x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.4x
Hispanic
1.5x
White
1.1x
Other
0.8x
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