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Tonsillar hypertrophy

Palatine tonsils, occasionally called the faucial tonsils, are the tonsils that can be seen on the left and right sides at the back of the throat.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with tonsillar hypertrophy, 71% report having swollen or red tonsils, 71% report having abnormal breathing sounds, and 56% report having sore throat. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of tonsillar hypertrophy are swollen or red tonsils, abnormal breathing sounds, apnea, redness in ear, hurts to breath, and drainage in throat, although you may still have tonsillar hypertrophy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with tonsillar hypertrophy often receive excision, tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy, other or therapeutic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx, ophthalmic examination and evaluation and occupational therapy assessment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with tonsillar hypertrophy include budesonide, sevoflurane, budesonide nasal product, nitrofurazone topical, ropivacaine, nitrous oxide, cefprozil, glycopyrrolate, carbamide peroxide otic, brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine, chlorpheniramine / phenylephrine, varicella-zoster immune globulin and desflurane .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for tonsillar hypertrophy include race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 5-14 years and age 1-4 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years almost never get tonsillar hypertrophy.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
5.3x
5-14 years
4.9x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.3x
45-59 years
0.2x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.5x
White
0.9x
Other
1.2x
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