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Tension headache

Also known as Stress Headache and Tension Type Headache

A tension headache (renamed a tension-type headache by the International Headache Society in 1988) is the most common type of primary headache. The pain can radiate from the lower back of the head, the neck, eyes, or other muscle groups in the body. Tension-type headaches account for nearly 90% of all headaches. Approximately 3% of the population has chronic tension-type headaches.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with tension headache, 97% report having headache, 51% report having neck pain, and 36% report having nausea. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of tension headache are headache, although you may still have tension headache without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with tension headache often receive x-ray computed tomography, cat scan of head, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, standard pregnancy test, mental health counseling, ophthalmic examination and evaluation and depression screen .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with tension headache include acetaminophen / butalbital / caffeine, topiramate (topamax), midrin, rizatriptan (maxalt), acetaminophen / butalbital / caffeine / codeine, eletriptan (relpax), butorphanol (stadol), acetaminophen / butalbital, diclofenac topical product, aspirin / butalbital / caffeine, guaifenesin / phenylephrine / phenylpropanolamine, piroxicam and monobenzone topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for tension headache include age 30-44 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get tension headache.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.7x
15-29 years
1.5x
30-44 years
1.7x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
1.1x
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