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Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE)

Also known as Lupus, SLE, and Disseminated Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus i/sɪˈstɛmɪk ˈluːpəs ˌɛrɪθiːməˈtoʊsəs/, often abbreviated to SLE or lupus, is a systemic autoimmune disease (or autoimmune connective tissue disease) that can affect any part of the body. As occurs in other autoimmune diseases, the immune system attacks the body's cells and tissue, resulting in inflammation and tissue damage. It is a Type III hypersensitivity reaction in which antibody-immune complexes precipitate and cause a further immune response.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with systemic lupus erythematosis (sle), 29% report having sharp chest pain, 26% report having ache all over, and 24% report having joint pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosis (sle) are joint pain and joint swelling, although you may still have systemic lupus erythematosis (sle) without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (sle) often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, urinalysis, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), electrolytes panel, lipid panel and hemoglobin a1c measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (sle) include prednisone, hydroxychloroquine (plaquenil), mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), methotrexate, azathioprine, tacrolimus (prograf), dapsone, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolic acid (myfortic), sevelamer (renvela), etanercept (enbrel), doxepin and bosentan (tracleer) .

Prednisone
$5
(28 days)
Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
$17
(28 days)
Mycophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
$263
(28 days)
Methotrexate
$14
(28 days)
Azathioprine
$28
(28 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)
Dapsone
$40
(28 days)
Cyclophosphamide
$127
(28 days)
Mycophenolic Acid (Myfortic)
$520
(28 days)
Sevelamer (Renvela)
$453
(28 days)
Etanercept (Enbrel)
$1760
(28 days)
Doxepin
$10
(28 days)
Bosentan (Tracleer)
$5485
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for systemic lupus erythematosis (sle) include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years and race/ethnicity = black. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get systemic lupus erythematosis (sle).

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
1.4x
30-44 years
1.7x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.7x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
0.3x
Female
1.5x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.7x
Hispanic
1.4x
White
0.6x
Other
1.9x
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