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Subconjunctival hemorrhage

A subconjunctival hemorrhage (or subconjunctival haemorrhage) also known as hyposphagma, is bleeding underneath the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva contains many small, fragile blood vessels that are easily ruptured or broken. When this happens, blood leaks into the space between the conjunctiva and sclera.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with subconjunctival hemorrhage, 70% report having pain in eye, 67% report having eye redness, and 39% report having diminished vision. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of subconjunctival hemorrhage are pain in eye, eye redness, symptoms of eye, swollen eye, bleeding from eye, and eyelid swelling, although you may still have subconjunctival hemorrhage without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with subconjunctival hemorrhage often receive x-ray computed tomography, cat scan of head, prothrombin time assay, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, suturing of wound, blood alcohol, nonoperative removal of foreign body and culture wound .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with subconjunctival hemorrhage include tetracaine (one touch), fluorescein ophthalmic, prednisolone ophthalmic, proparacaine ophthalmic, gentamicin ophthalmic, sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic, erythromycin ophthalmic, atropine (uaa), cyclopentolate ophthalmic, tobramycin ophthalmic, ciprofloxacin ophthalmic, suprofen ophthalmic and homatropine ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for subconjunctival hemorrhage include age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.9x
5-14 years
2.0x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
0.8x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
0.9x
Other
0.9x
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