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Stroke

Also known as Cva, Cerebrovascular Accident, and Apoplexy

A stroke, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism), or a hemorrhage. As a result, the affected area of the brain cannot function, which might result in an inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech, or an inability to see one side of the visual field.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with stroke, 46% report having focal weakness, 43% report having dizziness, and 37% report having headache. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of stroke are focal weakness, problems with movement, slurring words, and difficulty speaking, although you may still have stroke without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with stroke often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, electrocardiogram, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel and kidney function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with stroke include clopidogrel (plavix), aspirin / dipyridamole, labetalol, alteplase, fosphenytoin, deferasirox (exjade), bethanechol, nicardipine, dalteparin (fragmin), rimabotulinumtoxinb (myobloc), aspirin / caffeine, l-methylfolate and carbidopa / entacapone / levodopa .

Clopidogrel (Plavix)
$151
(28 days)
Labetalol
$19
(28 days)
Alteplase

Fosphenytoin
$23
(7 days)
Deferasirox (Exjade)
$4742
(28 days)
Bethanechol
$67
(28 days)
Nicardipine
$28
(28 days)
Dalteparin (Fragmin)
$824
(14 days)
Rimabotulinumtoxinb (Myobloc)
$965
(28 days)
L-Methylfolate

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for stroke include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years almost never get stroke.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
2.5x
75+ years
3.4x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.1x
Other
1.0x
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