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Stricture of the esophagus

Also known as Esophageal Stricture and Esophageal Stenosis

A benign esophageal stricture is a narrowing or tightening of the esophagus that causes swallowing difficulties.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with stricture of the esophagus, 82% report having difficulty in swallowing, 53% report having vomiting, and 32% report having regurgitation. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of stricture of the esophagus are difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation, lump in throat, difficulty eating, heartburn, stomach bloating, and recent weight loss, although you may still have stricture of the esophagus without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with stricture of the esophagus often receive complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy; biopsy, plain x-ray, esophageal dilatation, electrocardiogram, biopsy and sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with stricture of the esophagus include midazolam (versed), fentanyl, pantoprazole, meperidine (demerol), glucagon, estazolam, doxylamine (unisom), pyrithione zinc topical, bethanechol, darunavir (prezista), palivizumab (synagis), calcium polycarbophil (fibercon) and abacavir / lamivudine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for stricture of the esophagus include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get stricture of the esophagus.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
2.5x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.4x
Hispanic
0.4x
White
1.3x
Other
1.5x
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