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Spontaneous abortion

Also known as Miscarriage and Miscarriage Of Pregnancy

Miscarriage is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving independently. Miscarriage is the most common complication of early pregnancy.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with spontaneous abortion, 80% report having spotting or bleeding during pregnancy, 65% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 61% report having pain during pregnancy. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of spontaneous abortion are spotting or bleeding during pregnancy, pain during pregnancy, cramps and spasms, intermenstrual bleeding, and blood clots during menstrual periods, although you may still have spontaneous abortion without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with spontaneous abortion often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, urinalysis, standard pregnancy test, intravenous fluid replacement, pelvis exam and kidney function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with spontaneous abortion include methylergonovine (methergine), misoprostol, oxytocin, rho(d) immune globulin (rhogam), oxazepam, cefoxitin, clomiphene (clomid) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for spontaneous abortion include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, sex == female and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, sex == male, age 60-74 years, age 1-4 years, age 45-59 years, and age < 1 years almost never get spontaneous abortion.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
3.2x
30-44 years
2.1x
45-59 years
0.0x
60-74 years
0.0x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.6x
White
0.7x
Other
1.8x
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