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Spondylosis

Spondylosis is a term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis of the joints between the centre of the spinal vertebrae and/or neural foraminae. If this condition occurs in the zygapophysial joints, it can be considered facet syndrome. If severe, it may cause pressure on nerve roots with subsequent sensory and/or motor disturbances, such as pain, paresthesia, or muscle weakness in the limbs.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with spondylosis, 77% report having low back pain, 70% report having back pain, and 66% report having neck pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of spondylosis are low back pain, although you may still have spondylosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with spondylosis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, insertion of catheter or spinal stimulator and injection into spinal canal, other therapeutic procedures, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) and other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with spondylosis include bupivacaine, tizanidine, nabumetone, ropivacaine, piroxicam, oxymorphone (opana), ketoprofen, etanercept (enbrel), acetaminophen / aspirin / caffeine, iopamidol (isovue), pitcher plant, riboflavin and teriparatide (forteo) .

Bupivacaine
$27
(14 days)
Tizanidine
$25
(28 days)
Nabumetone
$32
(28 days)
Ropivacaine

Piroxicam
$34
(28 days)
Oxymorphone (Opana)
$463
(28 days)
Ketoprofen
$50
(28 days)
Etanercept (Enbrel)
$1760
(28 days)
Iopamidol (Isovue)

Pitcher Plant

Riboflavin

Teriparatide (Forteo)
$929
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for spondylosis include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get spondylosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.8x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.7x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.3x
Other
0.5x
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