Also known as Epididymal Cyst and Cyst Of Epididymis
Spermatocele (/spɜrˈmætəsiːl/) is a retention cyst of a tubule of the rete testis or the head of the epididymis distended with barely watery fluid that contains spermatozoa. Spermatoceles are the most common cystic condition encountered within the scrotum. They vary in size from several millimeters to many centimeters. Spermatoceles are generally not painful. However, some men may experience discomfort from larger spermatoceles. They are harmless.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with spermatocele, 75% report having pain in testicles, 60% report having mass in scrotum, and 41% report having swelling of scrotum. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of spermatocele are pain in testicles, mass in scrotum, swelling of scrotum, retention of urine, groin pain, impotence, leg lump or mass, muscle swelling, low back weakness, and elbow weakness, although you may still have spermatocele without those symptoms.
Patients with spermatocele often receive urinalysis, prostate specific antigen measurement, ultrasonography, rectal examination, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other non-or therapeutic procedures of urinary tract, nonoperative urinary system measurements and biopsy .
|Prostate specific antigen measurement (Prostate specific antigen test)|
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Other non-OR therapeutic procedures of urinary tract||$314|
|Nonoperative urinary system measurements||$4|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with spermatocele include tamsulosin (flomax), sildenafil (viagra), trandolapril, trimethoprim, isosorbide mononitrate (ismo), tadalafil (cialis), fluticasone topical product, rabeprazole (aciphex), latanoprost, clotrimazole topical, amlodipine / benazepril, benazepril and chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine .
|Isosorbide Mononitrate (Ismo)|
|Fluticasone Topical Product|
Groups of people at highest risk for spermatocele include sex == male age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, sex == female, and age < 1 years almost never get spermatocele.