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Skin pigmentation disorder

Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Skin cells give your skin color by making a substance called melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Others affect your entire body.

If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker. Pregnancy, Addison's disease and sun exposure all can make your skin darker. If your body makes too little melanin, your skin gets lighter. Vitiligo is a condition that causes patches of light skin. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting all of a person's skin. Infections, blisters and burns can cause lighter skin.

Source: MedlinePlus

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with skin pigmentation disorder, 79% report having abnormal appearing skin, 52% report having skin rash, and 46% report having skin lesion. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of skin pigmentation disorder are abnormal appearing skin, skin moles, acne or pimples, skin dryness, peeling, scaliness, or roughness, too little hair, and irregular appearing scalp, although you may still have skin pigmentation disorder without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with skin pigmentation disorder often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), excision, biopsy, excision of skin lesion, wound care management, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, other therapeutic procedures and other non-or therapeutic procedures on skin and breast .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with skin pigmentation disorder include hydroquinone topical, tretinoin topical, triamcinolone, tacrolimus topical product, clobetasol topical, ketoconazole, desonide topical, fluocinonide topical, benzoyl peroxide topical, betamethasone topical product, metronidazole topical product, tazarotene topical and minocycline .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for skin pigmentation disorder include race/ethnicity = other.

Age

< 1 years
0.9x
1-4 years
0.6x
5-14 years
0.8x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.0x
Other
1.6x
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