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Sepsis

Also known as Septicemia

Sepsis (/ˈsɛpsɨs/; from the Greek σῆψις: the state of putrefaction and decay) is a potentially deadly medical condition characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state (called a systemic inflammatory response syndrome or SIRS) caused by severe infection. Septicemia (or septicaemia or septicæmia ) is a related medical term referring to the presence of pathogenic organisms in the bloodstream, leading to sepsis. The term has not been sharply defined. It has been inconsistently used in the past by medical professionals, for example as a synonym of bacteremia, causing some confusion.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with sepsis, 80% report having fever, 52% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, and 52% report having shortness of breath.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with sepsis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, radiographic imaging procedure, urinalysis, plain x-ray, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sepsis include ceftriaxone, vancomycin, levofloxacin (levaquin), zosyn, dopamine, gentamicin ophthalmic, cefepime, ampicillin, norepinephrine, cefotaxime, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), meropenem and naloxone (suboxone) .

Ceftriaxone
$172
(7 days)
Vancomycin
$303
(7 days)
Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
$119
(7 days)
Zosyn
$520
(7 days)
Dopamine

Gentamicin Ophthalmic

Cefepime
$350
(7 days)
Ampicillin
$10
(7 days)
Norepinephrine

Cefotaxime
$147
(7 days)
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate)
$57
(14 days)
Meropenem
$1091
(7 days)
Naloxone (Suboxone)
Under $1
(0 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for sepsis include age 75+ years age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.4x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
4.3x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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