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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia (/ˌskɪtsɵˈfrɛniə/ or /ˌskɪtsɵˈfriːniə/) is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by a deficit of typical emotional responses. Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction. The onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood, with a global lifetime prevalence of about 0.3–0.7%. Diagnosis is based on observed behavior and the patient's reported experiences.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with schizophrenia, 60% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, 56% report having delusions or hallucinations, and 43% report having depression. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of schizophrenia are delusions or hallucinations, hostile behavior, fears and phobias, and hysterical behavior, although you may still have schizophrenia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with schizophrenia often receive psychotherapy, mental health counseling, toxicology screen, blood alcohol, liver function tests, arterial blood gases (abgs), prothrombin time assay and blood culture .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with schizophrenia include risperidone, benztropine, olanzapine (zyprexa), haloperidol, quetiapine (seroquel), divalproex sodium (depakote), aripiprazole (abilify), ziprasidone (geodon), clozapine, fluphenazine (prolixin), lithium (li), perphenazine and paliperidone (invega) .

Risperidone
$107
(28 days)
Benztropine
$8
(28 days)
Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
$536
(28 days)
Haloperidol
$28
(28 days)
Quetiapine (Seroquel)
$290
(28 days)
Divalproex Sodium (Depakote)

Aripiprazole (Abilify)
$497
(28 days)
Ziprasidone (Geodon)
$411
(28 days)
Clozapine
$137
(21 days)
Fluphenazine (Prolixin)
$31
(28 days)
Lithium (Li)

Perphenazine
$55
(28 days)
Paliperidone (Invega)
$626
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for schizophrenia include age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = black and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get schizophrenia.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.7x
45-59 years
1.9x
60-74 years
0.8x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
0.7x
Other
1.2x
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