Also known as Bacterial Infection Of The Kidney
Pyelonephritis (from Greek πήληξ – pyelum, meaning "renal pelvis", νεφρός – nephros, meaning "kidney", and -itis, meaning "inflammation") is an ascending urinary tract infection that has reached the pyelum or pelvis of the kidney. It is a form of nephritis that is also referred to as pyelitis. Severe cases of pyelonephritis can lead to pyonephrosis (pus accumulation around the kidney), urosepsis (a systemic inflammatory response of the body to infection), kidney failure and even death.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with pyelonephritis, 75% report having side pain, 70% report having fever, and 70% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of pyelonephritis are side pain and painful urination, although you may still have pyelonephritis without those symptoms.
Patients with pyelonephritis often receive urinalysis, hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, radiographic imaging procedure, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pyelonephritis include ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin (levaquin), ceftriaxone, phenazopyridine (azo), cefotaxime, cefixime (suprax), doripenem, dihydrocodeine (didone), auranofin, somatrem (protropin), ganciclovir, clotrimazole and iodixanol .
Groups of people at highest risk for pyelonephritis include sex == female age 15-29 years.