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Pulmonary fibrosis

Also known as Lung Cirrhosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is the formation or development of excess fibrous connective tissue (fibrosis) in the lungs. It is also described as "scarring of the lung".

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pulmonary fibrosis, 78% report having shortness of breath, 62% report having cough, and 39% report having sharp chest pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of pulmonary fibrosis are hemoptysis, although you may still have pulmonary fibrosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pulmonary fibrosis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, plain x-ray, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, x-ray computed tomography, cardiac enzymes measurement and other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pulmonary fibrosis include prednisone, tiotropium (spiriva), oxygen, mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), acetylcysteine, raloxifene (evista), pramipexole (mirapex), azathioprine, bosentan (tracleer), isoniazid, etanercept (enbrel), darifenacin (enablex) and tacrolimus (prograf) .

Prednisone
$5
(28 days)
Tiotropium (Spiriva)
$180
(28 days)
Oxygen

Mycophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
$263
(28 days)
Acetylcysteine
$33
(7 days)
Raloxifene (Evista)
$105
(28 days)
Pramipexole (Mirapex)
$121
(28 days)
Azathioprine
$28
(28 days)
Bosentan (Tracleer)
$5485
(28 days)
Isoniazid
$5
(28 days)
Etanercept (Enbrel)
$1760
(28 days)
Darifenacin (Enablex)
$125
(28 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pulmonary fibrosis include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 15-29 years and age < 1 years almost never get pulmonary fibrosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.3x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
2.6x
75+ years
4.0x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
0.9x
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