Think you might have this condition?

Use the Symptom Checker to check your symptoms

Add this to your profile
Banner for leaf pages 2

Primary kidney disease

Also known as Renal Disease and Nephropathy

The kidneys are organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in most animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are essential in the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes which are diverted to the urinary bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium, and they are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol, erythropoietin, and the enzyme renin.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with primary kidney disease, 29% report having peripheral edema, 24% report having symptoms of the kidneys, and 15% report having blood in urine. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of primary kidney disease are symptoms of the kidneys, thirst, and leg stiffness or tightness, although you may still have primary kidney disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with primary kidney disease often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, lipid panel, complete physical skin exam performed (ml) and hemoglobin a1c measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with primary kidney disease include prednisone, mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), tacrolimus (prograf), valsartan (diovan), losartan, hydroxychloroquine (plaquenil), valganciclovir (valcyte), nifedipine, allopurinol, clotrimazole topical, calcitriol, cyclosporine and epoetin alfa (procrit) .

Prednisone
$5
(28 days)
Mycophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
$263
(28 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)
Valsartan (Diovan)
$79
(28 days)
Losartan
$51
(28 days)
Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
$17
(28 days)
Valganciclovir (Valcyte)
$1649
(28 days)
Nifedipine
$39
(28 days)
Allopurinol
$4
(28 days)
Clotrimazole Topical

Calcitriol
$37
(28 days)
Cyclosporine
$209
(28 days)
Epoetin Alfa (Procrit)
$804
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for primary kidney disease include race/ethnicity = other race/ethnicity = hispanic.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.7x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
1.1x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.5x
White
0.7x
Other
2.4x
Ajax-loader Loading...