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Polycystic kidney disease

Also known as Polycystic Renal Disease and Congenital Polycystic Kidney

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD or PCKD, also known as polycystic kidney syndrome) is a cystic genetic disorder of the kidneys. There are two types of PKD: autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and the less-common autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with polycystic kidney disease, 45% report having side pain, 40% report having blood in urine, and 34% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of polycystic kidney disease are blood in urine, kidney mass, and symptoms of the kidneys, although you may still have polycystic kidney disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with polycystic kidney disease often receive urinalysis, radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonography, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with polycystic kidney disease include tacrolimus (prograf), nifedipine, cinacalcet (sensipar), irbesartan (avapro), valganciclovir (valcyte), sevelamer (renvela), calcitriol, dutasteride (avodart), finasteride (propecia), paricalcitol (zemplar), mycophenolic acid (myfortic), amlodipine / olmesartan and calcium acetate .

Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)
Nifedipine
$39
(28 days)
Cinacalcet (Sensipar)
$598
(28 days)
Irbesartan (Avapro)
$73
(28 days)
Valganciclovir (Valcyte)
$1649
(28 days)
Sevelamer (Renvela)
$453
(28 days)
Calcitriol
$37
(28 days)
Dutasteride (Avodart)
$97
(28 days)
Finasteride (Propecia)
$37
(28 days)
Paricalcitol (Zemplar)
$242
(28 days)
Mycophenolic Acid (Myfortic)
$520
(28 days)
Calcium Acetate
$103
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for polycystic kidney disease include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get polycystic kidney disease.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.9x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.2x
Other
0.9x
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