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Pneumothorax

Also known as Free Air In The Chest Outside The Lung

A pneumothorax (pl. pneumothoraces) is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space that separates the lung from the chest wall and which may interfere with normal breathing.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pneumothorax, 76% report having sharp chest pain, 71% report having shortness of breath, and 41% report having rib pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of pneumothorax are rib pain and drainage in throat, although you may still have pneumothorax without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pneumothorax often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, x-ray computed tomography and electrocardiogram .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pneumothorax include morphine (rms), fentanyl, midazolam (versed), oxygen, epinephrine / lidocaine, zosyn, colistimethate, etomidate, ioversol, pancrelipase (pancrease) and fluocinonide topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pneumothorax include sex == male age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get pneumothorax.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.6x
15-29 years
1.9x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
0.8x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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