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Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pneumonia, 82% report having cough, 75% report having fever, and 69% report having shortness of breath.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pneumonia often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel and glucose measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pneumonia include azithromycin, ceftriaxone, levofloxacin (levaquin), moxifloxacin (avelox), ipratropium, levalbuterol (xopenex), zosyn, robitussin ac, cefepime, cefotaxime, norepinephrine, ceftazidime and piperacillin (zosyn) .

Azithromycin
$25
(7 days)
Ceftriaxone
$172
(7 days)
Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
$119
(7 days)
Moxifloxacin (Avelox)
$111
(14 days)
Ipratropium
$66
(21 days)
Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
$67
(21 days)
Zosyn
$520
(7 days)
Robitussin Ac
$5
(7 days)
Cefepime
$350
(7 days)
Cefotaxime
$147
(7 days)
Norepinephrine

Ceftazidime
$199
(7 days)
Piperacillin (Zosyn)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pneumonia include age 75+ years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
1.6x
1-4 years
2.4x
5-14 years
1.0x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
1.1x
75+ years
2.4x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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