Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with pneumonia, 82% report having cough, 75% report having fever, and 69% report having shortness of breath.
Patients with pneumonia often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel and glucose measurement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pneumonia include azithromycin, ceftriaxone, levofloxacin (levaquin), moxifloxacin (avelox), ipratropium, levalbuterol (xopenex), zosyn, robitussin ac, cefepime, cefotaxime, norepinephrine, ceftazidime and piperacillin (zosyn) .
Groups of people at highest risk for pneumonia include age 75+ years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.