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Pleural effusion

Pleural effusion is excess fluid that accumulates between the two pleural layers, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs. Excessive amounts of such fluid can impair breathing by limiting the expansion of the lungs during ventilation.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pleural effusion, 82% report having sharp chest pain, 76% report having shortness of breath, and 62% report having cough. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of pleural effusion are hurts to breath, rib pain, and drainage in throat, although you may still have pleural effusion without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pleural effusion often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, hematologic tests, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pleural effusion include hydrocodone / ibuprofen, carboplatin, cholecalciferol, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), homatropine / hydrocodone, fondaparinux (arixtra), fludrocortisone, lidocaine-prilocaine topical, cefepime, metformin / rosiglitazone, aprepitant (emend), everolimus (afinitor) and norfloxacin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pleural effusion include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
2.3x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.2x
Other
0.8x
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