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Peritonitis

Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs. Peritonitis may be localized or generalised, and may result from infection (often due to rupture of a hollow organ as may occur in abdominal trauma or appendicitis) or from a non-infectious process.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with peritonitis, 87% report having sharp abdominal pain, 56% report having nausea, and 48% report having vomiting. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of peritonitis are groin mass, although you may still have peritonitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with peritonitis often receive hematologic tests, radiographic imaging procedure, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, x-ray computed tomography, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and urinalysis .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with peritonitis include metronidazole, fentanyl, vancomycin, ceftazidime, zosyn, cinacalcet (sensipar), rocuronium, cefoxitin, iohexol (omnipaque), diatrizoate, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, sennosides, usp (perdiem) and magaldrate .

Metronidazole
$29
(14 days)
Fentanyl
$205
(28 days)
Vancomycin
$303
(7 days)
Ceftazidime
$199
(7 days)
Zosyn
$520
(7 days)
Cinacalcet (Sensipar)
$598
(28 days)
Rocuronium

Cefoxitin
$359
(7 days)
Iohexol (Omnipaque)

Diatrizoate

Sennosides, Usp (Perdiem)
$9
(28 days)
Magaldrate

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for peritonitis include age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.6x
75+ years
1.1x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.2x
Other
0.7x
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