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Osteomyelitis

Also known as Bone Infection

Osteomyelitis (sometimes abbreviated to OM, and derived from Greek words osteon, meaning bone, myelo- meaning marrow, and -itis meaning inflammation) is infection and inflammation of the bone or bone marrow. It can be usefully subclassified on the basis of the causative organism (pyogenic bacteria or mycobacteria), the route, duration and anatomic location of the infection.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with osteomyelitis, 56% report having skin lesion, 29% report having skin on leg or foot looks infected, and 20% report having hand or finger pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of osteomyelitis are skin on leg or foot looks infected, although you may still have osteomyelitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with osteomyelitis often receive wound care management, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), glucose measurement, traction; splints; and other wound care, examination of foot, debridement of wound; infection or burn, excision and magnetic resonance imaging .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with osteomyelitis include vancomycin, zosyn, cholestyramine resin (questran), daptomycin, balsalazide, silver sulfadiazine topical, sodium hypochlorite topical, cellulose, zinc sulfate, cefepime, tetracaine (one touch), tizanidine and linezolid (zyvox) .

Vancomycin
$303
(7 days)
Zosyn
$520
(7 days)
Cholestyramine Resin (Questran)
$61
(28 days)
Daptomycin
$1632
(7 days)
Balsalazide
$121
(28 days)
Silver Sulfadiazine Topical

Sodium Hypochlorite Topical

Cellulose

Zinc Sulfate
$4
(28 days)
Cefepime
$350
(7 days)
Tetracaine (One Touch)
$12
(21 days)
Tizanidine
$25
(28 days)
Linezolid (Zyvox)
$1105
(7 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for osteomyelitis include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get osteomyelitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
2.0x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
0.7x
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