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Onychomycosis

Also known as Fungal Nail Infection, Tinea Unguium, Dermatophytosis Of Nail, Nail Tinea, and Dermatophytic Onychia

Onychomycosis (also known as "dermatophytic onychomycosis," "ringworm of the nail," and "tinea unguium") means fungal infection of the nail. It is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about a half of all nail abnormalities.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with onychomycosis, 66% report having skin rash, 61% report having irregular appearing nails, and 41% report having foot or toe pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of onychomycosis are irregular appearing nails and diaper rash, although you may still have onychomycosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with onychomycosis often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), excision, examination of foot, lipid panel, wound care management, other non-or therapeutic procedures on skin and breast, hemoglobin a1c measurement and microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with onychomycosis include nystatin topical product, terbinafine topical, fluconazole (diflucan), clotrimazole topical, ciclopirox topical, ketoconazole, terbinafine (lamisil), econazole topical, oxiconazole topical, miconazole topical product, itraconazole, griseofulvin and betamethasone-clotrimazole topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for onychomycosis include age 75+ years age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
3.1x
1-4 years
1.2x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
1.6x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.4x
White
0.9x
Other
1.2x
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