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Obesity

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. People are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in metres, exceeds 30 kg/m2.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with obesity, 56% report having weight gain, 10% report having abnormal breathing sounds, and 10% report having apnea. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of obesity are weight gain and excessive appetite, although you may still have obesity without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with obesity often receive hematologic tests, lipid panel, glucose measurement, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), hemoglobin a1c measurement, pelvis exam, examination of breast and other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with obesity include phentermine, ursodiol (urso), phendimetrazine, orlistat (alli), sibutramine (meridia), diethylpropion (tenuate), panitumumab, milrinone, valerian root extract, amitriptyline / chlordiazepoxide, inulin, trientine and interferon alfacon-1 (infergen) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for obesity include .

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
1.5x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
0.9x
75+ years
0.2x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
0.9x
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