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Myopia

Also known as Nearsightedness

Myopia (Greek: μυωπία, muōpia, from myein "to shut" – ops (gen. opos) "eye"), commonly known as being nearsighted (American English) and shortsighted (British English), is a condition of the eye where the light that comes in does not directly focus on the retina but in front of it. This causes the image that one sees when looking at a distant object to be out of focus, but in focus when looking at a close object.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with myopia, 72% report having diminished vision, 31% report having spots or clouds in vision, and 27% report having pain in eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of myopia are diminished vision, spots or clouds in vision, foreign body sensation in eye, eye moves abnormally, and eye deviation, although you may still have myopia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with myopia often receive ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, diagnostic procedures on eye, other intraocular therapeutic procedures, lens and cataract procedures and other extraocular muscle and orbit therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with myopia include tropicamide ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), fluorescein, proparacaine ophthalmic, olopatadine ophthalmic, tetrahydrozoline ophthalmic, nepafenac ophthalmic, cyclosporine ophthalmic, cyclopentolate ophthalmic, fluorescein ophthalmic, naphazoline ophthalmic, fluorometholone ophthalmic and loteprednol ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for myopia include race/ethnicity = other age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
2.7x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.9x
Other
1.7x
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