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Muscle spasm

In medicine a spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ such as a heart, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice. It most commonly refers to a muscle cramp which is often accompanied by a sudden burst of pain, but is usually harmless and ceases after a few minutes. There is a variety of other causes of involuntary muscle contractions, which may be more serious, depending on the cause.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with muscle spasm, 68% report having neck pain, 62% report having back pain, and 51% report having shoulder pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of muscle spasm are leg cramps or spasms and muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms, although you may still have muscle spasm without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with muscle spasm often receive plain x-ray, physical therapy exercises, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), standard pregnancy test, other physical therapy and rehabilitation, magnetic resonance imaging, injections and aspirations of muscles; tendons; bursa; joints and soft tissue and physical therapy exercises; manipulation; and other procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with muscle spasm include cyclobenzaprine, diazepam (valium), orphenadrine (flexon), methocarbamol, metaxalone (skelaxin), baclofen, botulinum toxin type a (botox), tizanidine, quinine, chlorzoxazone, quinidine, caffeine-sodium benzoate and bellergal-s .

Cyclobenzaprine
$12
(28 days)
Diazepam (Valium)
$7
(28 days)
Orphenadrine (Flexon)
$37
(21 days)
Methocarbamol
$14
(28 days)
Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
$223
(28 days)
Baclofen
$18
(28 days)
Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox)

Tizanidine
$25
(28 days)
Quinine
$171
(28 days)
Chlorzoxazone
$10
(28 days)
Quinidine
$39
(28 days)
Caffeine-Sodium Benzoate

Bellergal-S

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for muscle spasm include .

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.5x
45-59 years
1.5x
60-74 years
0.9x
75+ years
0.7x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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