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Mitral valve disease

Also known as Mitral Valve Disorder

Mitral regurgitation (MR), mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out blood. It is the abnormal leaking of blood from the left ventricle, through the mitral valve, and into the left atrium, when the left ventricle contracts, i.e. there is regurgitation of blood back into the left atrium. MR is the most common form of valvular heart disease.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with mitral valve disease, 49% report having sharp chest pain, 42% report having palpitations, and 42% report having shortness of breath. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of mitral valve disease are palpitations and nightmares, although you may still have mitral valve disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with mitral valve disease often receive radiographic imaging procedure, electrocardiogram, ultrasonography, echocardiography, lipid panel, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), cardiac stress tests and diagnostic cardiac catheterization; coronary arteriography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with mitral valve disease include warfarin, carvedilol, digoxin, spironolactone, amiodarone, risedronate (actonel), metolazone, sotalol, torsemide, thyroid (usp) (armour thyroid), chondroitin-glucosamine, propafenone and acetaminophen / aspirin / caffeine .

Warfarin
$12
(28 days)
Carvedilol
$16
(28 days)
Digoxin
$6
(28 days)
Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Amiodarone
$18
(28 days)
Risedronate (Actonel)
$104
(28 days)
Metolazone
$22
(28 days)
Sotalol
$19
(28 days)
Torsemide
$23
(28 days)
Thyroid (Usp) (Armour Thyroid)
$7
(28 days)
Chondroitin-Glucosamine

Propafenone
$93
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for mitral valve disease include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
2.1x
75+ years
2.9x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.3x
Other
0.5x
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