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Metastatic cancer

Also known as Secondary Neoplasm

Metastasis, or metastatic disease, is the spread of a cancer from one organ or part to another non-adjacent organ or part. The new occurrences of disease thus generated are referred to as metastases (sometimes abbreviated mets) It was previously thought that only malignant tumor cells and infections have the capacity to metastasize; however, this is being reconsidered due to new research. In origin metastasis is a Greek word meaning "displacement", from μετά, meta, "next", and στάσις, stasis, "placement". The plural is metastases.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with metastatic cancer, 21% report having fatigue, 9% report having decreased appetite, and 4% report having focal weakness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of metastatic cancer are vaginal dryness, although you may still have metastatic cancer without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with metastatic cancer often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, glucose measurement, x-ray computed tomography, electrolytes panel, complete physical skin exam performed (ml) and examination of breast .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with metastatic cancer include zoledronic acid (reclast), dexamethasone topical product, dexamethasone, prochlorperazine (compro), paclitaxel (taxol), bevacizumab (avastin), palonosetron (aloxi), carboplatin, pegfilgrastim (neulasta), capecitabine (xeloda), gemcitabine (gemzar), aprepitant (emend) and oxaliplatin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for metastatic cancer include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get metastatic cancer.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.7x
60-74 years
2.3x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
0.7x
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