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Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges. The inflammation may be caused by infection with viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms, and less commonly by certain drugs. Meningitis can be life-threatening because of the inflammation's proximity to the brain and spinal cord; therefore, the condition is classified as a medical emergency.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with meningitis, 87% report having headache, 80% report having fever, and 53% report having vomiting. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of meningitis are neck stiffness or tightness, although you may still have meningitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with meningitis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, urinalysis, kidney function tests and x-ray computed tomography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with meningitis include ceftriaxone, vancomycin, ampicillin, prochlorperazine (compro), midazolam (versed), cefotaxime, acyclovir, phenobarbital, gentamicin ophthalmic, cefuroxime, micafungin, amphotericin b and tapentadol (nucynta) .

Ceftriaxone
$172
(7 days)
Vancomycin
$303
(7 days)
Ampicillin
$10
(7 days)
Prochlorperazine (Compro)
$14
(14 days)
Midazolam (Versed)

Cefotaxime
$147
(7 days)
Acyclovir
$44
(21 days)
Phenobarbital
$3
(28 days)
Gentamicin Ophthalmic

Cefuroxime
$14
(7 days)
Micafungin
$1408
(7 days)
Amphotericin B
$119
(14 days)
Tapentadol (Nucynta)
$186
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for meningitis include age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.9x
1-4 years
1.0x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.5x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
1.0x
Other
0.8x
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