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Melanoma

Also known as Malignant Melanoma, Cutaneous Melanoma, Melanocarcinoma, Melanosarcoma, and Nevocarcinoma

Melanoma i/ˌmɛləˈnoʊmə/ (from Greek μέλας — melas, "dark") is a malignant tumor of melanocytes. Melanocytes produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with melanoma, 41% report having skin lesion, 35% report having abnormal appearing skin, and 16% report having skin moles. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of melanoma are irregular appearing scalp, back mass or lump, and itchy eyelid, although you may still have melanoma without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with melanoma often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), excision, wound care management, biopsy, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, excision of skin lesion, lipid panel and magnetic resonance imaging .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with melanoma include temozolomide, paclitaxel (taxol), interferon alfa-2b (intron a), dacarbazine, bevacizumab (avastin), sargramostim (leukine), desonide topical, aldesleukin (proleukin), denileukin diftitox (ontak), acetaminophen / aspirin / caffeine, megestrol (megace), interferon alfa-2a and sulfacetamide sodium topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for melanoma include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 45-59 years and race/ethnicity = white. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get melanoma.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
2.2x
75+ years
2.1x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.1x
Hispanic
0.3x
White
1.5x
Other
0.2x
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