Listing male conditions

Displaying 1 - 50 of 175 in total

Abdominal aortic aneurysm
An abnormal enlarging and thinning of the aorta (the largest blood vessel in the body) somewhere in the abdomen or pelvis. The exact cause is not known, though genetics, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking play a role. If the aneurysm tears open, the bleeding can be life threatening. Sometimes surgery is required to prevent this.
Abscess of the lung
A pocket of pus in the lung. Bacteria often reaches the lung through aspiration, in which food or secretions go down the windpipe instead of the esophagus. Other causes include spread through the blood from heart infections, certain pneumonias, certain cancers, and certain vascular disorders
Actinic keratosis
A noncancerous, crusty patch of skin in sun-exposed area such as the face. Actinic keratosis may progress to cancer if left untreated.
Acute bronchiolitis
An infection of the lower respiratory tract affecting the smaller airways (bronchioles). It is common in children, especially during the winter months, due to outbreaks of the virus RSV.
Alcohol abuse
A condition in which someone continues to drink alcohol despite it causing problems in the person's life (e.g. arrests, career or relationship problems, health).
Alcoholic liver disease
Damage to the liver resulting from alcohol abuse. Extent of the disease ranges from fat deposition (fatty liver) to permanent scarring (cirrhosis).
Alcohol intoxication
Commonly known as "drunkenness" or "inebriation," this is a state caused by excess consumption of alcohol. Depending on severity, it can range from mildly impaired coordination and feelings of happiness to respiratory failure and coma.
Alcohol withdrawal
A set of symptoms occurring in someone who stops consuming alcohol after an extended period of regular and heavy alcohol use. Symptoms typically occur between 6 and 24 hours of alcohol discontinuation, and include shaking, headache, nausea, vomiting, confusion, hallucinations, and even life-threatening seizures. This requires prompt medical treatment.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
A rapidly progressing, eventually fatal neurological condition marked by degeneration of the nerve cells that are responsible for voluntary muscle control. Thinking and the senses are typically not affected. The exact cause is unknown. Some medications may modestly improve survival and help with symptom relief.
Anal fistula
An abnormal connection between the surface of the anus and other structures (usually the skin near the opening of the anus). This typically originates from anal glands getting clogged, leading to infection and the formation of pockets of pus. These pockets then drain and form tracts to the external skin.
Aphakia
The absence of the lens of the eye due to either surgical removal, direct damage, or birth defect. This can cause very poor vision (particularly up close and far away) that can be somewhat corrected with glasses or contacts, or even surgically implanted artificial lenses.
Aplastic anemia
A blood disorder in which the bone marrow does not produce enough new blood cells (including those that carry oxygen, fight infections, and prevent bleeding). It may be inherited or caused by toxins, medications, radiation or chemotherapy, auto-immune diseases, infections, or pregnancy.
Asperger syndrome
A neurodevelopmental disorder that is part of autism spectrum disorder. It is marked by difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, as well as compulsive or ritualized behaviors, often first noticed in childhood. Unlike autism, language and intelligence is typically preserved. The exact cause is unknown, but there is a genetic component.
Athlete's foot
A common, contagious fungal infection of the skin of the foot. It is commonly spread in moist areas where people walk barefoot, such as locker rooms (hence the name, "athlete's foot").
Atonic bladder
A condition in which the muscle in the wall of the bladder (the structure that holds urine) does not contact, either due to degeneration of the muscle or lack of nervous control. This leads to urinary retention, the inability to empty the bladder and release urine.
Atrial flutter
An abnormal, rapid heartbeat originating in the upper chambers of the heart that has a characteristic appearance on EKG. It typically results from damage to the heart or from medications, though sometimes an exact cause cannot be found. It requires treatment to prevent stroke and other complications.
Atrophy of the corpus cavernosum
The complete or partial wasting away of the corpus cavernosum, the spongy tissue in the penis that fills with blood during an erection.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
A developmental disorder in children, characterized by impaired ability to focus on tasks, impulsivity, and having above-average energy. It typically begins before age 7, but diagnosis may be delayed and is at times not made until adulthood.
Autism
A spectrum of brain development disorders leading to problems with social interaction and verbal or non-verbal communication, as well as repetitive behaviors. While it does run in families, the exact causes are unknown.
Avascular necrosis
A disease marked by cellular death of components of a bone due to disruption of their blood supply. Risk factors include chemotherapy, alcoholism, steroid use, direct injury, vascular diseases, and auto-immune disease. Often the cause is not known. If not treated, it may lead to long-term pain and arthritis.
Balanitis
Inflammation of the glans penis (i.e. the bulbous tip or "head" of the penis). There are many causes, including chemical irritation, physical injury, infection, etc.
Benign kidney cyst
A non-cancerous, round, thin-walled, fluid-filled pocket in the kidney. These usually do not cause any harm. The exact cause is not known, though by age 50 nearly half of people have at least one. They are often monitored to see if they cause any problems.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
An increase in the size of the prostate. The prostate surrounds the tube taking urine out of the body in men at a point just below the bladder. An enlarged prostate can make it difficult to initiate a stream and empty the bladder completely when urinating.
Birth trauma
Any damage to the tissues of a newly born child due to forces applied on it during the birthing process. Potential areas of injury include the brain and the nerves of the shoulder. Causes include the baby being in the wrong position during birth or a small pelvis in the mother. This is rare in developed countries due to c-section surgeries.
Bladder cancer
A malignant transformation of the inner-most layer of cells in the urinary bladder, the organ that holds urine. Diagnosis is typically made after a urologist performs a biopsy using a small camera inserted into the urethra.
Bladder obstruction
A blockage of urinary flow at the base of the bladder (the organ that stores urine), preventing flow into the urethra (the tube through which urine leaves the body). It is most commonly caused by enlarged prostate, bladder stones, tumors, and scarring of the urethra.
Burn
An injury to the skin or flesh caused by damage from heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. Severity can range from first degree (top of the skin only) to fourth degree (affecting flesh under the skin).
Carcinoid syndrome
A group of symptoms occurring due to carcinoid tumors in certain parts of the bowel. Carcinoid tumors arise from neuroendocrine cells in the gut and release a variety of chemicals leading to symptoms such as flushing, diarrhea, and even heart failure.
Cardiac arrest
A failure of the heart to pump blood so that there is no palpable pulse. This is a medical emergency requiring immediate CPR and possibly electrical shocks known as defibrillations. Causes include heart attacks, abnormal heart rhythms, and many other conditions.
Cardiomyopathy
Poor function of the heart muscle. It can be due to toxins (e.g. alcohol), mechanical problems (dilated cardiomyopathy), lack of blood flow (heart attack), or genetic (e.g. HOCM). Treatment differs based on cause, but patients are at risk for sudden death.
Cat scratch disease
A disease caused by infection from bacteria of the Bartonella group. It is most common in children following a cat scratch or bite. In healthy people, the infection will normally clear without any medication.
Cerebral palsy
A group of conditions that cause problems with body movement, coordination, muscle tone, or posture. This can include problems with the muscles of speech, swallowing, and eye movement. It is typically caused by problems in brain development prior to birth. The exact trigger is often unknown.
Chancroid
A sexually transmitted infection by the bacterial Haemophilus ducreyi. It is common in developing countries, but rare in the United States. Effective, single dose treatments exist, but if untreated it can lead to serious consequences.
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)
A nuerologic condition in which the protective coating of nerves becomes damaged, leading to weakness and loss of sensation in the arms and legs. It is thought to involve the immune system and is considered a chronic counterpart to Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Cirrhosis
The scarring of the liver that is a long-term consequence of advanced liver disease, such as hepatitis or alcoholic liver disease. As cirrhosis worsens, the liver can no longer perform its vital functions, leading to symptoms.
Concussion
A mild traumatic brain injury resulting in temporary loss of certain brain functions. Tissue damage is usually not apparent right away, but there is now evidence in athletes that damage may be accumulate over time.
Conduct disorder
In children and adolescents, a persistent pattern of behavior that shows a lack of consideration for other people or society. This is often a precursor to antisocial personality disorder in adults.
Corneal abrasion
A cut or scrape of the cornea (the see-through front layer of the eyeball). These are often caused by contact lenses or other direct injury to the eyeball. Treatment is typically with prescription eye drops.
Coronary atherosclerosis
Hardening of the blood vessels feeding the heart. Eventually, the vessels may become blocked leading to a heart attack. Causes include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and diabetes.
Croup
An inflammation of the voice box and the airway just below the vocal cords, often due to infection by these viruses: parainfluenza virus, RSV, or adenovirus. Children often have a 'barking' cough while adults tend to have hoarseness.
Crushing injury
An injury in which part of the body experiences a high amount of pressure, often being squeezed or compressed. This is a medical emergency, because the damaged tissue can cause toxins to spread throughout the body affecting other organs.
Cryptococcosis
A fungal infection by the fungi of the cryptococcus group. They are often found in the soil and can lead to infections of the skin, lungs, or tissues covering the brain. Infection is far more likely to occur in people with lowered immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, severe liver disease, certain cancers, and those receiving immune-suppressing medications.
Cryptorchidism
The absence of one or both testes from the scrotum, the loose sack of skin under the penis. It is typically a birth defect, due to failure of one or both tests from descending from the abdomen during development. The testicle will typically either descend on its own or be brought down by a surgeon, but it will often be poorly developed with reduced fertility.
Dengue fever
An infectious disease caused by the dengue virus; this is most common in tropical climates. In a small percentage of people it is life threatening, involving bleeding and dangerously low blood pressure. It is transmitted by certain mosquitoes. There is no treatment or vaccine.
Developmental disability
An umbrella term used for any lifelong physical or mental impairment that is due to an event during pregnancy or childhood. Genetic abnormalities, substance abuse during pregnancy, and autism are the most common causes.
Deviated nasal septum
A shift of the cartilage wall that separates the left from the right nostril. With a deviated septum, one nostril may not be open enough to allow for good airflow, forcing patients to breathe through their mouth.
Dislocation of the ankle
An injury to the ankle in which the bones of the foot slip out of their normal position with the bones of the lower leg, leading to pain and swelling. It often occurs after direct injury, such as car accidents or falls. It may be treated conservatively or require surgery.
Dislocation of the finger
A common injury in which one of the bones of the finger is shifted out of its normal joint socket. The finger needs to be evaluated and re-aligned by a physician. The finger is normally placed in a splint until it heels.
Dislocation of the knee
An injury to the knee in which the tibia (the largest bone in the lower leg) loses its connection with the femur (the thigh bone). It often occurs after severe direct injury, such as car accidents or during sports. Typically multiple ligaments (such as the anterior cruciate ligament or ACL) and other structures are also damaged. This requires immediate evaluation due to risk of nerve or blood vessel damage. It almost always requires surgery.
Dislocation of the shoulder
A separation of the upper arm bone from the joint that connects it to the trunk. It is typically caused by impact, and though often easily fixed without surgery, there is risk of nerve or artery damage. Some people are prone to frequent shoulder dislocations.
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