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Lymphedema

Lymphedema (lymphoedema in British English), also known as lymphatic obstruction, is a condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system. The lymphatic system returns the interstitial fluid to the thoracic duct and then to the bloodstream, where it is recirculated back to the tissues. Tissues with lymphedema are at risk of infection.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with lymphedema, 56% report having skin lesion, 49% report having leg swelling, and 45% report having peripheral edema. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of lymphedema are leg swelling, peripheral edema, and lymphedema, although you may still have lymphedema without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with lymphedema often receive wound care management, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), traction; splints; and other wound care, physical therapy exercises, debridement of wound; infection or burn, examination of foot, referral to home health care service and orthopedic casting .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lymphedema include silver sulfadiazine topical, torsemide, bevacizumab (avastin), silver nitrate topical each, desoximetasone topical, octreotide, enalapril / hydrochlorothiazide, pentoxifylline, miconazole topical product, collagenase topical, metolazone, paclitaxel (taxol) and aminophylline / amobarbital / ephedrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for lymphedema include age 60-74 years age 45-59 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
2.7x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.4x
White
1.2x
Other
0.7x
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