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Lung contusion

Also known as Pulmonary Contusion

A pulmonary contusion (or lung contusion) is a contusion (bruise) of the lung, caused by chest trauma. As a result of damage to capillaries, blood and other fluids accumulate in the lung tissue. The excess fluid interferes with gas exchange, potentially leading to inadequate oxygen levels (hypoxia). Unlike pulmonary laceration, another type of lung injury, pulmonary contusion does not involve a cut or tear of the lung tissue.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with lung contusion, 63% report having back pain, 55% report having sharp chest pain, and 44% report having rib pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of lung contusion are rib pain, hurts to breath, and fluid retention, although you may still have lung contusion without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with lung contusion often receive plain x-ray, radiographic imaging procedure, x-ray computed tomography, intravenous fluid replacement, hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis and electrocardiogram .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lung contusion include morphine (rms), tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), cefazolin, diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine, fentanyl, ammonium chloride, propofol, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, mecamylamine, grepafloxacin (raxar), malathion topical, gemtuzumab (mylotarg) and gadoteridol (prohance) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for lung contusion include sex == male age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and race/ethnicity = black almost never get lung contusion.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.8x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.8x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.0x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
1.3x
Other
0.7x
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