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Liver cancer

Also known as Cancer Of The Liver, Hepatic Cancer, and Malignant Neoplasm Of Liver

Liver cancer or hepatic cancer (from the Greek hēpar, meaning liver) is a cancer that originates in the liver. Liver cancers are malignant tumors that grow on the surface or inside the liver. Liver tumors are discovered on medical imaging equipment (often by accident) or present themselves symptomatically as an abdominal mass, abdominal pain, jaundice, nausea or liver dysfunction. Liver cancers should not be confused with liver metastases, which are cancers that originate from organs elsewhere in the body and migrate to the liver.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with liver cancer, 33% report having sharp abdominal pain, 31% report having upper abdominal pain, and 13% report having stomach bloating. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of liver cancer are stomach bloating, changes in stool appearance, kidney mass, and leg stiffness or tightness, although you may still have liver cancer without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with liver cancer often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonography, biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with liver cancer include spironolactone, oxycodone, tacrolimus (prograf), lactulose, sorafenib, dexamethasone, aprepitant (emend), gemcitabine (gemzar), valganciclovir (valcyte), palonosetron (aloxi), mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), nystatin topical product and zinc sulfate .

Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Oxycodone
$193
(21 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)
Lactulose
$24
(21 days)
Sorafenib
$5380
(28 days)
Dexamethasone
$13
(14 days)
Aprepitant (Emend)
$184
(7 days)
Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
$2144
(21 days)
Valganciclovir (Valcyte)
$1649
(28 days)
Palonosetron (Aloxi)
$733
(21 days)
Mycophenolate Mofetil (Cellcept)
$263
(28 days)
Nystatin Topical Product

Zinc Sulfate
$4
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for liver cancer include race/ethnicity = other, sex == male, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get liver cancer.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
1.8x
60-74 years
2.6x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
1.5x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.0x
Other
2.9x
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