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Lice

Also known as Pediculosis and Lice Infestation

Louse (plural: lice) is the common name for members of over 3,000 species of wingless insects of the order Phthiraptera; three of which are classified as human disease agents. They are obligate ectoparasites of every avian and mammalian order except for monotremes (the platypus and echidnas), bats, whales, dolphins, porpoises and pangolins.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with lice, 49% report having itchy scalp, 49% report having skin rash, and 39% report having cough. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of lice are itchy scalp, smoking problems, warts, skin oiliness, leg lump or mass, and sneezing, although you may still have lice without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with lice often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), culture wound, excision of skin lesion, incision and drainage and ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lice include permethrin topical, lindane topical, piperonyl butoxide-pyrethrins topical, triamcinolone, malathion topical, nicotine, piperonyl butoxide topical, benzyl alcohol topical, alclometasone topical, purified protein derivative of tuberculin (tubersol), brompheniramine / phenylephrine, cefixime (suprax) and brinzolamide ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for lice include age 5-14 years age 1-4 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years and age < 1 years almost never get lice.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
2.4x
5-14 years
4.8x
15-29 years
1.2x
30-44 years
0.4x
45-59 years
0.5x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.3x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.4x
White
1.2x
Other
1.1x
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