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Leukemia

Leukemia (American English) or leukaemia (British English) is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of immature white blood cells called "blasts". Leukemia is a broad term covering a spectrum of diseases. In turn, it is part of the even broader group of diseases affecting the blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid system, which are all known as hematological neoplasms.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with leukemia, 26% report having fatigue, 25% report having fever, and 3% report having mouth pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of leukemia are muscle stiffness or tightness, although you may still have leukemia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with leukemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), electrolytes panel, hemoglobin a1c measurement, cancer chemotherapy and other therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with leukemia include methotrexate, mercaptopurine, acyclovir, vincristine, imatinib (gleevec), fluconazole (diflucan), rituximab, granisetron, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone, dapsone, valacyclovir (valtrex) and darbepoetin alfa (aranesp) .

Methotrexate
$14
(28 days)
Mercaptopurine
$76
(28 days)
Acyclovir
$44
(21 days)
Vincristine
$19
(21 days)
Imatinib (Gleevec)
$4099
(28 days)
Fluconazole (Diflucan)
$7
(7 days)
Rituximab
$5743
(21 days)
Granisetron
$426
(14 days)
Cyclophosphamide
$127
(28 days)
Dexamethasone
$13
(14 days)
Dapsone
$40
(28 days)
Valacyclovir (Valtrex)
$202
(21 days)
Darbepoetin Alfa (Aranesp)
$1004
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for leukemia include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 5-14 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get leukemia.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
1.5x
5-14 years
2.4x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.7x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.2x
Other
1.0x
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