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Leptospirosis

Also known as Swamp Fever, Mud Fever, Fort Bragg Fever, Red Water Fever, Queensland Fever, and Spirochetal Jaundice

Leptospirosis (also known as Weil's syndrome, canicola fever, canefield fever, nanukayami fever, 7-day fever, Rat Catcher's Yellows, Fort Bragg fever, black jaundice, and Pretibial fever:290) is caused by infection with bacteria of the genus Leptospira and affects humans as well as other animals.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with leptospirosis, 91% report having preoccupation with sex, 91% report having wrist cramps or spasms, and 91% report having joint cramps or spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of leptospirosis are pain in eye, shoulder cramps or spasms, facial pain, ankle pain, wrist pain, pain during pregnancy, excessive anger, joint stiffness or tightness, pain or soreness of breast, knee lump or mass, fatigue, and excessive urination at night, although you may still have leptospirosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with leptospirosis often receive corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis, control of epistaxis, ct scan abdomen, procedures on spleen, bone marrow transplant and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with leptospirosis include chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline), pipecuronium (arduan), grepafloxacin (raxar), rabbit anti-human t-lymphocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), iopanoic acid, conjugated estrogens topical, malathion topical, gemtuzumab (mylotarg) and norelgestromin (ortho evra) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for leptospirosis include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black, age 15-29 years, age 45-59 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
15.5x
1-4 years
8.1x
5-14 years
5.7x
15-29 years
2.6x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
2.4x
60-74 years
3.5x
75+ years
5.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.6x
Hispanic
3.4x
White
0.8x
Other
9.4x
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