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Lead poisoning

Also known as Plumbism and Saturnism

Lead poisoning (also known as plumbism, colica Pictonum, saturnism, Devon colic, or painter's colic) is a medical condition in humans and other vertebrates caused by increased levels of the heavy metal lead in the body. Lead interferes with a variety of body processes and is toxic to many organs and tissues including the heart, bones, intestines, kidneys, and reproductive and nervous systems. It interferes with the development of the nervous system and is therefore particularly toxic to children, causing potentially permanent learning and behavior disorders. Symptoms include abdominal pain, confusion, headache, anemia, irritability, and in severe cases seizures, coma, and death.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with lead poisoning, 91% report having preoccupation with sex, 91% report having wrist cramps or spasms, and 91% report having joint cramps or spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of lead poisoning are pain in eye, shoulder cramps or spasms, facial pain, ankle pain, wrist pain, pain during pregnancy, excessive anger, joint stiffness or tightness, pain or soreness of breast, knee lump or mass, fatigue, and excessive urination at night, although you may still have lead poisoning without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with lead poisoning often receive corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis, control of epistaxis, ct scan abdomen, procedures on spleen, bone marrow transplant and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lead poisoning include chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline), pipecuronium (arduan), grepafloxacin (raxar), rabbit anti-human t-lymphocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), iopanoic acid, conjugated estrogens topical, malathion topical, gemtuzumab (mylotarg) and norelgestromin (ortho evra) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for lead poisoning include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black, age 15-29 years, age 45-59 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
15.5x
1-4 years
8.1x
5-14 years
5.7x
15-29 years
2.6x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
2.4x
60-74 years
3.5x
75+ years
5.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.6x
Hispanic
3.4x
White
0.8x
Other
9.4x
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