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Labyrinthitis

Also known as Otitis Interna

Labyrinthitis is an ailment of the inner ear and a form of unilateral vestibular dysfunction. It derives its name from the labyrinths that house the vestibular system, which senses changes in head position. Labyrinthitis can cause balance disorders, vertigo, hearing loss and tinnitus.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with labyrinthitis, 97% report having dizziness, 66% report having nausea, and 61% report having vomiting. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of labyrinthitis are dizziness and ringing in ear, although you may still have labyrinthitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with labyrinthitis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrocardiogram, electrolytes panel and x-ray computed tomography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with labyrinthitis include meclizine, diazepam (valium), scopolamine, chlordiazepoxide / clidinium, oxymetazoline nasal, chondroitin-glucosamine, monobenzone topical, magnesium hydroxide (m.a.h.), dimenhydrinate (dramamine), trandolapril, cetirizine / pseudoephedrine, pentosan polysulphate sodium (elmiron) and oxaprozin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for labyrinthitis include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get labyrinthitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.5x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.2x
Other
1.2x
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