Also known as Nephrolithiasis, Renal Calculi, Renal Calculus, Kidney Calculi, and Calculus Of Kidney
A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus (from the Latin rēnēs, "kidneys" and calculus, "pebble") is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with kidney stone, 80% report having side pain, 62% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 51% report having back pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of kidney stone are side pain and blood in urine, although you may still have kidney stone without those symptoms.
Patients with kidney stone often receive urinalysis, radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, x-ray computed tomography, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests and glucose measurement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with kidney stone include ketorolac (toradol), hydromorphone (dilaudid), tamsulosin (flomax), potassium citrate, sevoflurane, nitrous oxide, meperidine / promethazine, rocuronium, chlorthalidone, belladonna-opium, silodosin (rapaflo), ephedrine (kie) and flavoxate (urispas) .
Groups of people at highest risk for kidney stone include age 30-44 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get kidney stone.