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Joint effusion

Also known as Hydrarthrosis and Synovial Effusion

A joint effusion is the presence of increased intra-articular fluid. It may affect any joint. Commonly it involves the knee.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with joint effusion, 86% report having knee pain, 64% report having knee swelling, and 35% report having ankle pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of joint effusion are knee pain, knee swelling, ankle swelling, elbow swelling, knee stiffness or tightness, and wrist swelling, although you may still have joint effusion without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with joint effusion often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, application of splint, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, examination of foot, other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system and orthopedic casting .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with joint effusion include indomethacin, chondroitin-glucosamine, sodium hyaluronate, cortisone, adalimumab (humira), diclofenac / misoprostol, streptomycin, betamethasone, fenoprofen (progesic), dexbrompheniramine / pseudoephedrine, arnica topical, trolamine salicylate topical and anagrelide .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for joint effusion include . On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get joint effusion.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.9x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
1.3x
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