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Ischemic heart disease

Ischaemic or ischemic heart disease (IHD), or myocardial ischaemia, is a disease characterized by ischaemia (reduced blood supply) of the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries). Its risk increases with age, smoking, hypercholesterolaemia (high cholesterol levels), diabetes, and hypertension (high blood pressure), and is more common in men and those who have close relatives with ischaemic heart disease.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with ischemic heart disease, 57% report having sharp chest pain, 48% report having shortness of breath, and 32% report having difficulty breathing.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with ischemic heart disease often receive hematologic tests, electrocardiogram, complete blood count, glucose measurement, lipid panel, ultrasonography, electrolytes panel and echocardiography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with ischemic heart disease include carvedilol, clopidogrel (plavix), nitroglycerin, digoxin, spironolactone, isosorbide, rosuvastatin (crestor), amiodarone, niacin, fenofibrate (tricor), allopurinol, torsemide and ezetimibe (zetia) .

Carvedilol
$16
(28 days)
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
$151
(28 days)
Nitroglycerin
$31
(28 days)
Digoxin
$6
(28 days)
Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Isosorbide
$12
(28 days)
Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
$109
(28 days)
Amiodarone
$18
(28 days)
Niacin
$105
(28 days)
Fenofibrate (Tricor)
$83
(28 days)
Allopurinol
$4
(28 days)
Torsemide
$23
(28 days)
Ezetimibe (Zetia)
$100
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for ischemic heart disease include race/ethnicity = other, age 75+ years, sex == male and age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get ischemic heart disease.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
2.9x
75+ years
3.7x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.2x
Other
1.5x
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